Please note, the majority of the reference sources can be found as links from the ‘resources’ sections of the toolkit and not listed here.

  1. Wenger-Trayner E, Wenger-Trayner B. Communities of Practice, a brief introduction. 2015.
  2. British Geriatrics Society. Fit for Frailty. Part 1. Consensus best practice guidance for the care of older people living in community and outpatient settings. 2014.
  3. NHS England. Safe, compassionate care for frail older people using an integrated care pathway: Practical guidance for commissioners, providers and nursing, medical and allied health professional leaders. 2014.
  4. NHS England. Older People Living with Frailty.
  5. Clegg A, Bates C, Young Y, Ryan R, Nichols L, Teale EA et al. Development and validation of an electronic frailty index using routine primary care electronic health record data. Age & Ageing 2016; 45(3): 353-60.
  6. NHS England: Toolkit for general practice in supporting older people living with frailty. 2017. 
  7. British Geriatrics Society. Fit for Frailty. Part 2: Developing, commissioning and managing services for people living with frailty in community settings. 2014.
  8. NHS England, Frailty Fulcrum –
  9. Healthwatch England: Our Strategy 2018-2023.
  10. Age UK. Healthy Ageing Evidence Review.–wellbeing/rb_april11_evidence_review_healthy_ageing.pdf]
  11. Nazroo J. Ethnic Inequalities in Quality of Life at Older Ages: Subjective and Objective Components 2005: ESRC Research Summary, L480254020. Swindon.
  12. Gnjidic D, Hilmer SN, Blyth F, Naganathan V, Cumming RG, et al. (2012) High risk prescribing and incidence of frailty among older community-dwelling men. Clin Pharmacol Ther 91: 521–528.